About Athens - presentation, information, photos and recommendations
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Athens is the capital of Greece. Athens glorious evolved, especially in ancient Greece, is inhabited by humans since the Bronze Age and governed until around 1000 BC Ionian kings.
Acropolis in Athens was placed in 1987 on the UNESCO world cultural heritage list.
Athens was originally inhabited about 6,000 years later pelasgieni and Ionians who settled in this natural fortress, the great rock of the Acropolis or the city from above, as the Greeks call it. The city has developed and been recognized the goddess Athena. He saw the first flowering of the Mycenaean era (1600-1100 BC). At the end of the sixth century BC tyranny (perhaps royal) was replaced by a democratic regime which led to a civilization unparalleled in human history. In the fifth century BC Under the enlightened rule of Pericles, Athens reached the pinnacle of cultural, economic and military, which meant that this period be called "the golden age of Athens." During the Hellenistic and Byzantine Athens played a secondary role. After the liberation of Greece from the Ottoman yoke in 1834, was proclaimed the capital of Athens, Greece.
The town takes its name from the goddess Athena, in Greek mythology, symbolizing wisdom. Legend says that the gods Ares Athens and found the city and strove to grasp it. Ares gave residents a horse for war, and Athens has tamed the horse and gave the olive tree.
The original name was "Athena", plural "Athena, goddess name in the local dialect. Customary to call a polis (city-state) with the plural form is specific to other cities (for example, Thebes and Mykenai) because these cities have incorporated more settlements.
Athens stretches across the central plains of Attica, known as a pool. It is surrounded by Mount Aegaleo in the west, Mount Parnitha north and northeast, Mount Penteli Hymettos Saronic Gulf to the east and south-west. Athens it is still difficult to expand due to geographical barriers mentioned above, although the metropolitan suburbs are still expanding.
Capital Kifissia is crossed by the river which then flows into the Gulf of Thessaloniki and Faliro.
The soil is rocky and not very fertile, the hills are masses of limestone.
Athens in 2001 had a population of 745,514 inhabitants in an area of 39 km ². The metropolitan area covers an area of 412 square kilometers and the number of inhabitants in 2001 was 3,130,840. The metropolitan area of Athens was the twelfth in the European Union, according to Eurostat.
Athens | Athens is the capital of Greece. Athens glorious evolved, especially in ancient Greece, is inhabited by humans since the Bronze Age and governed until around 1000 BC Ionian kings.
Acropolis in Athens was placed in 1987 on the UNESCO world cultural heritage list
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